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The Dos and Don’ts of Responding to IRS Audits 

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Alisson Ward

Tax Professional | Content Writer

Dos and Don'ts of Responding to IRS Audits 

Receiving an audit notice from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) can be a daunting experience, but it’s essential to remember that an audit doesn’t necessarily mean you’ve done something wrong. It’s the IRS’s way of ensuring that your tax returns are accurate and comply with tax laws. How you respond to an audit can significantly impact the outcome. Here, we’ll explore the dos and don’ts of responding to IRS audits, helping you navigate the process successfully and with minimal stress. 

The Dos in Responding to IRS

Do Review The Notice Carefully

When you receive an audit notice, take the time to review it carefully. The notice will specify which tax return is being audited and provide details about the issues under review. Understanding the scope of the audit is the first step in preparing for it.

Do Respond Promptly

The audit notice will include a deadline for your response. It’s crucial to adhere to this timeline. Failing to respond within the specified timeframe can lead to further complications and may even result in adverse findings by default.

Do Keep Impeccable Records

Having organized and complete records is essential for a successful audit. Ensure that you have all the necessary documents to support the items under review. These documents may include income statements, expense receipts, bank statements, and supporting documentation for deductions and credits.

Do Seek Professional Assistance

If you’re unsure about the audit process or if you have a complex tax situation, it’s advisable to consult a tax professional. Enrolled agents, certified public accountants (CPAs), and tax attorneys are experienced in dealing with IRS audits. They can provide expert guidance, help you prepare for the audit, and even represent you during the process.

Do Cooperate with the IRS

Cooperation with the IRS is crucial for a successful audit defense. Respond to IRS inquiries and requests for documentation promptly. If you need more time to gather documents or prepare for the audit, contact the IRS to request an extension. Cooperation with the IRS demonstrates your willingness to work toward a resolution.

Do Be Honest and Transparent

During the audit, honesty and transparency are of utmost importance. Provide complete and accurate information to the IRS. Attempting to hide or misrepresent information can lead to more severe consequences. If you made a mistake on your tax return, admit it and provide the correct information during the audit.

Do Review Your Tax Return Thoroughly

Before submitting your tax return, review it thoroughly to catch any errors or discrepancies. Ensure that all income is reported, and all deductions are supported by documentation. Knowing what’s on your return and being able to explain each line item is essential.

Do Know Your Rights

As a taxpayer, you have rights during an IRS audit. Understanding your rights can help you navigate the process with confidence. Some of the key rights include: 

  • Representation: You have the right to be represented by a qualified tax professional during the audit. 
  • Privacy: Your privacy should be respected, and information provided should be kept confidential. 
  • Appeal: If you disagree with the findings of the audit, you have the right to appeal the decision. 
  • Explanation: You have the right to receive a clear explanation of the audit process and any findings. 

Knowing your rights can help ensure a fair and just audit process. 

The Don’ts In Responding to IRS

Don’t Panic

Receiving an audit notice can be anxiety-inducing, but it’s crucial to remain calm and not panic. Audits are a standard part of the tax system, and they don’t necessarily indicate wrongdoing. Keeping your emotions in check will help you approach the process with a clear mind.

Don’t Ignore the Notice

One of the most significant mistakes you can make is ignoring the audit notice. Ignoring the notice won’t make the audit go away, and it may lead to unfavorable consequences. Respond promptly and cooperate with the IRS.

Don’t Provide Unsubstantiated Claims

During an audit, the IRS may scrutinize specific items on your tax return, such as deductions, credits, and income. It’s essential not to provide claims that are not supported by documentation. Ensure that you can back up every item on your return with credible records.

Don’t Argue or Be Hostile

It’s natural to feel defensive during an audit, but arguing or being hostile towards the auditor is counterproductive. Maintain a polite and professional demeanor. If you disagree with a finding, express your concerns calmly and be prepared to provide supporting evidence.

Don’t Sign Anything Without Understanding

If the IRS presents you with any documents or agreements during the audit, don’t sign them without a clear understanding of their implications. You have the right to review any documents and seek professional advice before signing.

Don’t Withhold Information

Withholding information or being uncooperative during the audit can lead to adverse consequences. The IRS may impose additional penalties or take legal action if you fail to provide the necessary information and documentation.

Don’t Procrastinate

Procrastination can be detrimental during an audit. Failing to respond, provide requested documentation, or meet deadlines can result in complications and additional penalties. Timely and efficient cooperation is key.

Don’t Rely Solely on Memory

During an audit, relying solely on memory to answer questions or explain items on your tax return can lead to inaccuracies. It’s best to have supporting documentation and records to ensure that your responses are accurate. 


Responding to an IRS audit can be a challenging process, but by following the dos and avoiding the don’ts, you can navigate the audit successfully and minimize stress. Remember that audits are a verification process, and with the right approach, you can emerge from them unscathed and with your tax returns in good standing. Seeking professional guidance when needed can also be invaluable in ensuring a fair and just audit process.

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