Call for free Tax Review

What is the Difference Between Tax Evasion and Tax Fraud?

Picture of Alisson Ward

Alisson Ward

Tax Professional | Content Writer

Difference Between Tax Evasion and Tax Fraud

What is Tax Evasion?

Tax evasion is a deliberate and illegal act of underreporting income, inflating deductions, or concealing funds to reduce one’s tax liability. Key aspects of tax evasion include:

  • Intentional Act: Tax evasion involves a deliberate attempt to deceive tax authorities, usually by misrepresenting financial information.
  • Hidden Income: It often involves keeping a portion of one’s income off the books or in undisclosed accounts, making it difficult for tax authorities to trace.
  • Criminal Offense: Tax evasion is considered a criminal offense and can lead to serious penalties, including fines and imprisonment.

What Constitutes Tax Fraud?

Tax fraud encompasses a broader range of fraudulent activities related to taxes, including tax evasion. Key elements of tax fraud are:

  • Deceptive Practices: Tax fraud involves various deceptive practices, such as falsifying records, creating fake documents, or engaging in identity theft.
  • Scope: While tax evasion primarily focuses on underreporting income, tax fraud covers a wide array of fraudulent activities, such as filing false returns, inflating deductions, or using false Social Security numbers.
  • Serious Offense: Like tax evasion, tax fraud is a serious offense, carrying severe legal consequences.

The Legal Distinctions

Differentiating Between Tax Evasion and Tax Fraud

Here are the primary legal distinctions between tax evasion and tax fraud:

  • Intent: Tax evasion requires intent to deceive, while tax fraud encompasses a broader range of deceptive practices without the strict requirement of intent to deceive.
  • Activities: Tax evasion is a subset of tax fraud and is more specific in nature, focusing on the deliberate underreporting of income. Tax fraud, on the other hand, covers a wider range of fraudulent activities related to taxes.

Consequences and Penalties

What's at Stake?

Both tax evasion and tax fraud can lead to significant consequences and penalties, such as:

  • Fines: Individuals found guilty of tax evasion or tax fraud may face substantial fines, which can vary depending on the severity of the offense.
  • Imprisonment: Convictions for these offenses can result in imprisonment, further emphasizing the serious nature of these crimes.
  • Civil Penalties: In addition to criminal penalties, individuals may also face civil penalties, including the repayment of back taxes owed with interest.


Understanding the difference between tax evasion and tax fraud is vital, as it can significantly impact the legal consequences you may face. Both offenses are taken seriously by tax authorities and can result in substantial fines and even imprisonment.

In matters as complex and potentially life-altering as these, professional guidance is invaluable. Priority Tax Relief is here to assist, ensuring that you have the support and expertise needed to navigate tax-related issues effectively and responsibly. Don’t navigate this challenging terrain alone – seek expert assistance and protect your rights when it comes to matters of taxation.

I acknowledge that by clicking “SUBMIT” I agree to be contacted via telemarketing calls and/or SMS/MMS text messages via telephone, mobile device and/or email. By doing so I waive any registration to any state, federal or corporate Do Not Call registry. I understand that calls to me and from me may be recorded for quality assurance purposes. I agree to receive approximately 10 messages every month and understand message & data rates may apply. Case results vary and are specific to each applicant qualifications. Call for complete details.
Get a free tax consultation:

Get a free tax consultation:

Do you have any unfiled tax returns?

Table of Contents

Need expert help? Looking to get back on track?