Call for free Tax Review

Tax Considerations for Cryptocurrency Users 

A modern home office setup, showcasing a computer with cryptocurrency charts, tax forms, physical wallets, a ledger, and a calculator, with a background of financial and blockchain-related books.

Tax Considerations for Cryptocurrency Users 

Cryptocurrencies have taken the financial world by storm, offering a decentralized and digital form of currency. While they provide numerous benefits, such as privacy and borderless transactions, cryptocurrency use also comes with tax considerations. Many individuals and businesses are unsure of how to navigate the tax implications of buying, selling, and holding cryptocurrencies. Here, we’ll explore the essential tax considerations for cryptocurrency users to help you understand your obligations and make informed financial decisions. 

Cryptocurrency as Property 

The IRS (Internal Revenue Service) in the United States treats cryptocurrency as property for tax purposes. This means that transactions involving cryptocurrencies are subject to tax laws that apply to property, such as real estate or stocks. As a result, the following tax implications become significant for cryptocurrency users: 

  1. Capital Gains and Losses

Just like with traditional investments, you are required to report any capital gains or losses resulting from the sale or exchange of cryptocurrencies. When you sell or exchange a cryptocurrency, the difference between the purchase price (cost basis) and the sale price is considered a capital gain or loss. 

  • Short-term Capital Gains: If you held the cryptocurrency for one year or less before selling, the resulting gain or loss is considered short-term. Short-term capital gains are taxed as ordinary income, and the tax rate depends on your overall income. 
  • Long-term Capital Gains: If you held the cryptocurrency for more than one year before selling, the gain or loss is considered long-term. Long-term capital gains are typically taxed at a lower rate than short-term gains. 
  1. Reporting Requirements

When you engage in cryptocurrency transactions, it’s essential to keep detailed records of each transaction. This includes the date, amount, and the value of the cryptocurrency at the time of the transaction. You will need this information when reporting your capital gains or losses on your tax return. 

  1. Tax on Cryptocurrency Income

In addition to capital gains and losses, any income earned through cryptocurrency mining, staking, or other forms of compensation is subject to taxation. This income is treated as ordinary income and should be reported on your tax return. 

Tax Considerations for Cryptocurrency Transactions 

To navigate the tax considerations associated with cryptocurrency transactions effectively, consider the following: 

  1. Record Keeping

Maintain thorough and organized records of all your cryptocurrency transactions. This includes details about purchases, sales, exchanges, and any income earned through cryptocurrency-related activities. Precise record-keeping is crucial for accurately reporting your capital gains and losses. 

  1. Tax Planning

Develop a tax plan that aligns with your cryptocurrency activities. Consider the tax implications of each transaction and make strategic decisions to minimize your tax liability. For example, you might want to hold cryptocurrencies for more than one year to qualify for long-term capital gains rates. 

  1. Consult a Tax Professional

Given the complexity of cryptocurrency tax laws and their frequent updates, seeking guidance from a tax professional is highly advisable. A certified public accountant (CPA) or tax advisor can provide personalized advice and help you navigate the evolving landscape of cryptocurrency taxation. 

  1. Compliance with Reporting

Stay in compliance with tax reporting requirements. Ensure that you accurately report your cryptocurrency transactions, capital gains, and any income earned through cryptocurrency-related activities on your tax return. Non-compliance can result in penalties and legal issues. 

  1. Seek Information About Crypto-to-Crypto Transactions

It’s essential to understand the tax implications of crypto-to-crypto transactions. Even if you haven’t converted cryptocurrency to fiat currency, these transactions may still be taxable events, particularly if they result in capital gains. 

Reporting Cryptocurrency Transactions 

Reporting your cryptocurrency transactions accurately and in compliance with IRS guidelines is vital to avoid legal complications. Here are some key points to keep in mind when reporting cryptocurrency transactions: 

  1. Form 8949

You will need to report your cryptocurrency capital gains and losses on Form 8949 when filing your tax return. This form allows you to detail each transaction, including the date, type of transaction, cost basis, sale proceeds, and capital gain or loss. 

  1. FIFO or Specific Identification

When calculating your capital gains and losses, you can use the First-In, First-Out (FIFO) method or the Specific Identification method. FIFO assumes that the first cryptocurrency you acquire is the first one you sell, while Specific Identification allows you to choose which cryptocurrency you are selling. You must use the same method consistently. 

  1. Cryptocurrency Income

Any income earned through cryptocurrency activities, such as mining or staking, should be reported as ordinary income on your tax return. Keep accurate records of your income from these activities to ensure accurate reporting. 

  1. Tax Software

Consider using tax software that specializes in cryptocurrency tax reporting. There are several platforms available that can help you track your transactions and generate accurate tax reports. 

Cryptocurrency Tax Forms 

When filing your tax return, you may encounter various IRS forms related to cryptocurrency transactions. Some of the most commonly used forms include: 

  1. Form 1040

Form 1040 is the primary form used for individual tax returns. You will use this form to report your total income, including any income earned through cryptocurrency activities. 

  1. Form 8949

As mentioned earlier, Form 8949 is used to report capital gains and losses from cryptocurrency transactions. You will need to attach this form to your Form 1040. 

  1. Form 1099-K

If you receive a Form 1099-K from a cryptocurrency exchange or payment platform, it means that you’ve met specific transaction thresholds. However, receiving a Form 1099-K does not necessarily mean you have additional tax liability. It’s important to review the form and ensure that it accurately reflects your activities. 

Tax Penalties for Non-Compliance 

Non-compliance with cryptocurrency tax laws can lead to penalties and legal issues. The IRS has taken steps to enhance its ability to track and enforce cryptocurrency tax compliance, making it essential to report your cryptocurrency transactions accurately. Penalties for non-compliance may include fines, interest charges, and potential legal action. 

Final Thoughts 

Understanding the tax considerations for cryptocurrency users is essential for navigating the evolving landscape of cryptocurrency taxation. By keeping accurate records, seeking professional guidance, and staying in compliance with tax reporting requirements, you can ensure that you meet your tax obligations while maximizing the benefits of your cryptocurrency activities. Cryptocurrency taxation may be complex, but with the right approach and careful record-keeping, you can effectively manage your tax liability and financial well-being. Should you need professional help, reach out to a reliable tax professional.

Get a free tax consultation:

I acknowledge that by clicking “SUBMIT” I agree to be contacted via telemarketing calls and/or SMS/MMS text messages via telephone, mobile device and/or email. By doing so I waive any registration to any state, federal or corporate Do Not Call registry. I understand that calls to me and from me may be recorded for quality assurance purposes. I agree to receive approximately 10 messages every month and understand message & data rates may apply. Case results vary and are specific to each applicant qualifications. Call for complete details.

Table of Contents


 The simple answer is no. A business and a person are completely separate, thus, any personal tax debts or liabilities should not affect your business.

Tax debt can be an exhausting and complicated thing to deal with on your own. Communicating with the IRS and professionally handling your tax liabilities are just two of the services companies like Priority Tax Relief can offer.

No. The IRS’s Innocent Spouse Relief protects you from paying these additional taxes. However, this does not relieve you from household employment taxes, business taxes, individual joint responsibility payments etc. Priority Tax Relief helps you learn more about innocent spouse relief.

The most popular option to date would be an Offer In Compromise (OIC). At Priority Tax Relief, we help tax relief help become more accessible to taxpayers in need and help them understand how they can qualify for these options.

IRS tax liens are legal claims on your property when you do not settle your tax debts. The IRS usually sends out a notice when no payment has been made after a liability assessment. Find out more about tax liens with Priority Tax Relief.

Yes. Not only can the IRS put a claim on all your current property, tax liens can also affect any property or intangible or tangible assets that you obtain in the future. At Priority Tax Relief, we help you understand federal tax liens and how to communicate with the IRS.


Tax levies are the actual seizure of your property and are different from legal claims or tax liens. Settle your taxes before the IRS sends out a notice. Priority Tax Relief helps you understand tax levies and how you can avoid them.

Yes. Not only can they seize physical property but they can also legally take hold of the money in your bank account and other wages. To avoid this from happening, contact Priority Tax Relief now.

Your debt will, unfortunately, continue to grow and you will possibly lose a great number of your assets. It is definitely a scenario we do not wish to see happen to anyone, that’s why Priority Tax Relief makes sure that our help becomes within reach.

Need expert help? Looking to get back on track?